More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (2023)

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (1)

Story by Rebecca Cairns; Video by Dan Tham

Published 10:41 PM EDT, Wed August 25, 2021

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (3)

Robots are revolutionizing the healthcare industry with increased precision and diagnostics power. Changi General Hospital, pictured, employs more than 50 robots to help care for patients. Scroll through to see more innovative robots reinventing healthcare.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (4)

Developed by Softbank, this robot is called "Pepper," designed to respond to the needs and preferences of people from different cultures. To see whether Pepper could help fight loneliness in older people, a study was conducted with care home residents in Britain and Japan. Researchersfoundpeople who interacted with it for up to 18 hours over a two-week period "saw significant improvement to their mental health." Now, Changi General Hospital uses Pepper to socialize with dementia patients.

(Video) How Robots Are Taking Our Jobs | Future Human A.I. | Spark

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (5)

Another social robot "Paro", the therapeutic robot baby seal, has been used to comfort people affected by disasters, as well as the elderly and disabled. It was designed to provide the soothing qualities of a pet and was developed by Japan's National institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (6)

Now in its fourth generation, the da Vinci surgical system was approved by the FDA for use for laparoscopic surgery, also known as keyhole surgery, back in 2000. Used routinely in surgeries for over two decades, surgical robots like da Vinci allow doctors to make smaller incisions, which reduces scarring and recovery time for patients.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (7)

This Italian woman is being assisted by the Giraffplus robot carer at her Rome apartment. The Giraffplus is connected to sensors that measure indicators such as blood pressure and communicate with medical staff.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (8)

A robot known as "Quintin Quarantino" was deployed by nurses at Tygerberg Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa, during the Covid-19 pandemic, to help ICU patients make video and voice calls with family members.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (9)

These multipurpose robots weredonatedby the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to Rwanda, to help fight the spread of coronavirus. They are used for temperature screening, monitoring the status of patients, and keeping medical records, according to Rwanda's Ministry of ICT and Innovation.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (10)

During the Covid-19 pandemic, cleaning bots have surged in popularity, used to disinfect public spaces from hospitals to aircraft interiors, like this one, developed by LATAM Airlines. The autonomous robots use UV-C light to kill 99.9% of viruses and bacteria, which is combined with standard hygiene procedures for extra safety.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (11)

Hong Kong-based Hanson Robotics, famed for Sophia, the "world's first robot citizen," has unveiled its latest project: Grace. Designed with the healthcare market in mind, the trilingual android will act as a social companion for elderly people, while also using artificial intelligence to diagnose patients.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (12)

Another use for robotics is to help elderly and disabled people with movement and heavy lifting. Japanese company Cyberdyne developed a Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) suit, shown here.

(Video) Will robots take our jobs? | CNBC Explains
More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (13)

To help people as they age, Toyota Research Institute (TRI) is developing human-assist robots in its labs in California. This "gantry robot" is adapted for the home from a style more often seen in assembly and manufacturing lines. Since these robots hang from the ceiling like a bat, they save floor space and can reach other machines and parts easily from above. This TRI robot is able to complete tasks such as loading the dishwasher.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (14)

TRI says its philosophy is to develop robots which amplify human ability, instead of replacing human beings. Toyota established the institute in 2015 to research artificial intelligence (AI) with a$1 billion investment. It is also testing more traditional floor-based robots, like the robot helper pictured here. TRI says this robot will have the same basic capabilities as its overhanging counterpart.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (15)

In the place of hands, the robots use "soft bubble grippers," air-filled cushions that gently pick up household objects. TRI says it hopes its systems will help people live independently for longer and will assist an increasingly aging workforce. But for now, these robots are just prototypes.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (16)

Boston Dynamics first introduced "Spot," the robot dog pictured here, in 2015, when it was still in development. During the coronavirus pandemic, researchers have modified "Spot" to measure patients' vital signs. The aim is to remove the risk of health workers being exposed to patients showing Covid-19 symptoms

CNN

In Singapore’s Changi General Hospital, there’s a chance your surgeon won’t have a heart. The cleaners might not have lungs, and the physiotherapist could be completely brainless.

That’s because at Changi General Hospital (CGH), more than 50 members of staff are robots.

From performing surgery to carrying out administrative work, robots have become an integral part of the 1,000-bed hospital’s workforce, says Selina Seah, director for the Centre for Healthcare Assistive and Robotics Technology (CHART), which works with CGH to find high-tech solutions for problems in healthcare.

While CHART has been operating since 2015, the pandemic has created a new need for contactless and remote healthcare solutions.

Singapore already has the highest adoption rate of industrial robots anywhere in the world, with 9 per 100 workers – but that is mostly in the electronics sector. Now, Seah hopes robots can make healthcare more accessible, affordable, and higher quality, as well as safer for pandemic situations.

“There is growing awareness that robots are becoming more important in our work,” says Seah. “Due to Covid-19 and the fact that we have to take care of more patients with less manpower, robots are now a welcome part of our daily life.”

“The three tsunamis”

By 2030, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates there will be a global shortage of 18 million health workers.

(Video) NUS Innovations for the Singapore Health District

That’s a big concern for small nations like Singapore. With the 65-and-over population expected to jump from 14% in 2019 to 25% in the next decade, the Lion City is particularly vulnerable to the “three tsunamis” in healthcare, says Seah: an aging population, a shrinking workforce, and an increase in chronic disease.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (17)

The robots at Changi General Hospital (CGH) are all managed using "RoMi-H" -- a communications system that controls things such as its sensors and data.

That’s where robots can help. CHART is trying to boost productivity using assistive technology and robotics.

Surgical robots such as the da Vinci Surgical System are among the best-known robots in the hospital, says Seah. These robots act as the human surgeon’s eyes, assisting with minimally invasive surgeries.

CNN Meet Grace, the ultra-lifelike nurse robot

Outside of the operating theaters, other robots clean, deliver linen or food, help with hospital maintenance, aid patient rehabilitation, and even assist with lifting patients back into bed, helping reduce the “back-breaking” work that human carers take on, says Seah.

“It’s quite common for our young nurses to get backaches two or three years into the job. Robots can do this dangerous, manual work so that our nurses then can concentrate on providing good clinical care for our patients,” says Seah.

A smart solution

Virtual health services is another area where CGH has seen technology deliver an improvement.

Non-communicable diseases such as heart disease and diabetes are on the rise, responsible for around 71% of global deaths each year, which adds extra pressure to already-strained healthcare systems, says Seah. Realizing that repeat visits to the hospital from patients with chronic diseases weren’t sustainable, CGH adopted a smart “telecare” system that allows doctors to monitor patients who are at home and identify problems early, says Seah.

More than 50 robots are working at Singapore's high-tech hospital | CNN (19)

The hospital now has more than 50 robots that help out with tasks from surgery to cleaning.

Social robots have also been deployed to provide care and companionship for elderly patients with dementia, playing memory games and helping with group therapy. One of the social robots, PARO, helped alleviate stress and anxiety so much the hospital was able to reduce its use of sedatives for dementia patients, says Seah.

“We thought the aged patients would not take well to the robots,” she says. “However, we discovered in our research that the elderly patients look at robots like life-sized toys. So they are brought back to their childhood and in fact, able to interact and respond better to therapy with robots than they do with a human.”

“More meaningful” lives

CGH isn’t the only hospital seeing the benefit of AI-powered employees. In 2017, robots were employed to support staff at Copenhagen University Hospital with an increased demand for blood sample testing, and autonomous mobile robots at Zealand University Hospital in Denmark travel more than 10 kilometers each week around the hospital to deliver equipment, saving staff from heavy lifting.

Asakawa designed a suitcase filled with technology which can 3-D map its surrounding and use vibrations in the handle to direct the user or signal nearby objects, stationary and mobile. Masashi Kurahashi/IBM A robot suitcase could replace canes and guide dogs for blind people

Assisting healthcare workers to take on roles that are laborious or require high levels of precision is where robots can contribute most, says Marcelo Ang, a professor of mechanical engineering at the National University of Singapore’s Advanced Robotics Center.

“Robotics has very good potential to make people’s lives more meaningful, by letting them not do the ‘five Ds’: degrading, demeaning, dirty, dangerous or driving tasks,” Ang says, adding that robots are not a replacement for workers, but a support. According the World Economic Forum, by 2025 up to 85 million jobs will be lost to automation in some sectors; however, an estimated 97 million new roles will be created in others.

The pandemic has accelerated the development of robotics and logistics says Ang, highlighting the risks that healthcare workers take every day. As of May 2021, the WHO estimates at least 115,000 healthcare workers worldwide have died due to Covid.

05:33 - Source: CNN

Meet Grace, a humanoid robot designed for healthcare

(Video) UPMC puts on demonstration of germ-zapping UV robot

Autonomous robots can remotely clean and disinfect rooms, while telehealth technology can enable doctors to meet patients virtually. Seeing the demand for remote healthcare solutions, Hong Kong’s Hanson Robotics, the team behind the “Sophia” android, have unveiled their latest creation, Grace, a human-like robot designed for the healthcare industry, which can diagnose patients using artificial intelligence and lead therapy sessions.

However, integrating robots into the workplace is costly and requires expensive infrastructure, says Seah. An additional concern is data privacy and security, she says, adding that hospitals will need robust cybersecurity to prevent hacking.

The opportunity to increase efficiency and safety, particularly during challenging times like the Covid-19 pandemic, has made the challenges worthwhile for CGH.

“This is how we think we should use technology: to help us reach out to more patients so they get better-quality care,” she says.

FAQs

Does Singapore have robots? ›

The secret of Singapore's success can be found in one word: robots. The country's move toward automation has not been a short-term fix. Rather, it is the result of the little city-state embarking on a long-term plan that led to the creation of the perfect environment for high-tech manufacturing.

What does Singapore use robots for? ›

Robotics solutions are supplanting the local workforce in diverse areas and industries in Singapore. Aside from using industrial robots for repetitive tasks and autonomous mobile robots, robotics solutions also include software robots for robotic process automation (RPA) and chatbots (or AI bots).

Are robots being used in hospitals? ›

Robots for medical use have been a reality since the 1980s, beginning with assisting surgeons in the operating room. Robots doing surgery has become an increasing reality in operating rooms today.

What is the prospect of robotics in Singapore's context? ›

Robotics as part of Singapore's Smart Nation initiative

According to the International Federation of Robotics (IFR), Singapore has 488 robot workers per 10,000 human employees, far ahead of the global average of 74. Singapore's robot labour force is expected to double by 2021.

Why does Singapore have so many robots? ›

Due to that, robotics in Singapore have been proliferating the labor-strapped industries in the city-state, as hiring gets tougher for obvious reasons. That in turn, made Singapore the second-most automated country in the world, after South Korea, according to the International Federation of Robotics (IFR).

Which country has highest working robots? ›

1. South Korea. It's no surprise South Korea leads the world in robot density. South Korea's robot density is seven times higher than the global average, and the country has been increasing its robot density by 10% every year since 2015.

What is the latest technology in Singapore? ›

Singapore has built a world-class, globally competitive tech industry and continues to explore new frontiers in innovation such as cloud computing, artificial intelligence, quantum computing, data analytics and other technologies that span healthcare, security, fintech, energy, aviation, defense.

Which country is best for robot? ›

Top ten advanced robotics countries in 2022
  • South Korea. South Korea is one of the top advanced robotics countries in 2022 for its industrial robot usage across the world. ...
  • Japan. ...
  • The USA. ...
  • Canada. ...
  • Germany. ...
  • Italy. ...
  • Sweden. ...
  • Denmark.
15 Mar 2022

Is Singapore ready for AI? ›

In terms of government readiness, Singapore scored 81.5 points, up from 76.4 in 2019. The study finds that Singapore's strong commitment to AI, and its robust policy and regulatory framework is allowing it to successfully maximise the impact of AI on its economy. On business readiness, Singapore scored 49.7 points.

What are 3 advantages to using robots in healthcare? ›

Benefits of Robotic Surgery
  • Shorter hospitalization.
  • Reduced pain and discomfort.
  • Faster recovery time and return to normal activities.
  • Smaller incisions, resulting in reduced risk of infection.
  • Reduced blood loss and transfusions.
  • Minimal scarring.

Can robots replace health workers? ›

Nurses are human beings who are able to interact with their environment as they desire, meaning that they can prioritize tasks, converse with patients and other members of staff and move from task to task without the need to be programmed. What is this? For this reason, nurses simply cannot be replaced by robots.

How robots help in health care? ›

Robots in medicine help by relieving medical personnel from routine tasks, that take their time away from more pressing responsibilities, and by making medical procedures safer and less costly for patients. They can also perform accurate surgery in tiny places and transport dangerous substances.

Is robotics a good career in Singapore? ›

Robotics and automation are key focus areas for Singapore, creating new growth opportunities and enabling the transformation of our industries,” shares Ms Fong Pin Fen, Vice President and Head, Advanced Manufacturing Strategy Group, Economic Development Board (EDB).

What is the biggest problem with robots? ›

Data privacy and security are some of the most important issues that are currently prevailing in the industry. Robots too need several private data and process sensitive information in order to accomplish their tasks. But there is no guarantee as to how the robot will use this sensitive information.

What are the 3 main challenges in robotics? ›

Three challenges focus on fundamental problems in robotics: developing robot swarms, improving navigation and exploration, and developing artificial intelligence that can “learn how to learn”, and use common sense to make moral and social decisions.

Is Singapore leading in technology? ›

The destination is globally recognised as a leader in innovation and technology – numerous global indices of innovation and digital competitiveness have ranked Singapore among the top countries in Asia and around the world.

Why is Singapore the smartest country in the world? ›

With constant investments in the field of mobility, healthcare, the security of citizens, business development, and energy. Singapore is undoubtedly among the smartest countries in the world.

Which is the No 1 robot in the world? ›

Sophia. Sophia is considered the most advanced humanoid robot.

Who is the world leader in robotics? ›

“China is by far the biggest robot market in the world regarding annual sales and the operational stock,” says Milton Guerry, President of the International Federation of Robotics (IFR).

Which country is a world leader in robotics? ›

A country with a decreasing workforce and strong automation potential, the Japanese economy is different from others in that it can accept more automation. As such, Japan is one of the leading nations in robotics, with a concentration on the development and use of robots for both social and commercial purposes.

Which 3 countries have the highest robot density? ›

Here is the list of top 10 countries with highest industrial robots density:
  • South Korea.
  • Singapore.
  • Germany.
  • Japan.
  • Sweden.
  • Denmark.
  • USA.
  • Italy.

What rank is Singapore in technology? ›

Meanwhile, the most recent Global Innovation Index (GII) 2022 released by the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) ranks Singapore as the seventh most innovative country in the world, with a rise of one position.

Is technology in Singapore good? ›

Tech entrepreneurs looking for a solid base of operations would do well to consider Singapore. The island city-state is fast becoming known as a premier hotspot for business and technological innovation in Asia—and with good reason.

What is Singapore's biggest industry? ›

Singapore's largest industry by far is the manufacturing sector, which contributes 20%-25% of the country's annual GDP. Key industry clusters in Singapore's manufacturing include electronics, chemicals, biomedical sciences, logistics and transport engineering.

Which industry uses the most robots? ›

Electrical/Electronics. The use of robots in the electrical and electronics industries has been multiplying. The highest number of robots may soon be in electronics instead of automotive. There are several reasons for this.

What is the biggest robotics company? ›

Top Industrial Robotics Companies in the World
  • Fanuc Corp.
  • Yaskawa Electric Corp.
  • Adept Technology Inc.
  • Apex Automation and Robotics.
  • Aurotek Corp.
  • Stäubli.
  • Kawasaki Robotics Inc.
  • Rockwell Automation Inc.

What is the newest robot in the world? ›

Tesla CEO Elon Musk unveiled the company's new humanoid robot dubbed “Optimus” at the 2022 AI Day on Friday.

Which country is number 1 in AI? ›

The United States

How many AI companies in Singapore? ›

Artificial intelligence companies in Singapore, Singapore include Opera, GeniusU, Adnovum Singapore, AntWorks, impress.ai and 99 other companies.

Which country is good for artificial intelligence? ›

But the question “which country is best for MS in Artificial Intelligence” continues to bother many. Let us answer that for you. The most well-known countries for studying this course are the United States of America (USA) and Germany.

What are 5 benefits of robots? ›

You might be surprised at how many of them are quick to support the idea.
  • Safety. Safety is the most obvious advantage of utilizing robotics. ...
  • Speed. Robots don't get distracted or need to take breaks. ...
  • Consistency. ...
  • Perfection. ...
  • Happier Employees. ...
  • Job Creation. ...
  • Productivity.
7 Aug 2018

How can robots improve the healthcare industry? ›

Medical robots are making the healing process faster, safer, and smarter, for caretakers and patients alike. For nurses and healthcare teams, medical robots alleviate stress and staffing shortages. For patients, robots offer companionship, mobility, and personalized care.

How will robots affect healthcare? ›

Advanced technologies, such as AI-guided robotics and automation, offer a potential solution to the provider shortage by freeing healthcare professionals from repetitive and time-consuming tasks and allow clinicians to focus on tasks that require a specialized touch.

Why are robots used in hospitals? ›

Medical robots assist with surgeries, streamline clinical workflow and hospital logistics, and enhance patient care and workplace safety.

Why robots Cannot replace nurses? ›

There will always be tasks algorithms and robots can never complete. Physicians, nurses, and other medical staff members have plenty of cumbersome monotonous and repetitive tasks to complete every day.

Can robots replace doctors? ›

Furthermore, AI will totally change the meaning of what it means to become a doctor. Of course, some tasks will change, others will go away entirely. But, there will never ever be a scenario where automation via a robot or an algorithm will replace a doctor.

What are the advantages of robot? ›

In many situations robots can increase productivity, efficiency, quality and consistency of products: Unlike humans, robots don't get bored. Until they wear out, they can do the same thing again and again. They can be very accurate – to fractions of an inch (as is needed for example in manufacturing of microelectronics ...

What robot are used in hospitals for use in healthcare? ›

Hospital robots, like Aethon's TUG autonomous mobile robot, can be used to deliver medications, laboratory specimens, or other sensitive material within a hospital environment. TUG can navigate using a built-in map and an array of on-board sensors.

How do robots saves lives in medicine? ›

“Robot doctors” are working alongside their human counterparts, making real-time predictions in life and death situations, and saving lives in the process by helping doctors identify better treatment options.

How much do robotic engineers make in Singapore? ›

Robotics Engineer Salaries
Job TitleSalary
ST Engineering Robotics Engineer salaries - 1 salaries reportedSGD 1,200/mo
Adecco Robotics Engineer salaries - 1 salaries reportedSGD 60,000/yr
GovTech Robotics Engineer salaries - 1 salaries reportedSGD 2,500/mo
GovTech Robotics Engineer salaries - 1 salaries reportedSGD 6,750/mo
16 more rows

What jobs are robots best at? ›

Now that robots can replace human labor, the field has opened up many careers across industries.
...
Applications include:
  • Drone deliveries.
  • Mechanical welding arms.
  • Self-driving cars.
  • Autonomous machines.
  • Artificial intelligence-based sorting mechanisms.
4 Feb 2022

Which fields benefit the most from robots? ›

News & Events
  • Manufacturing. It should come as no surprise that the largest employer of robotics technicians is also the largest user of robots in the world. ...
  • Agriculture. Another large user of robots is the agricultural industry. ...
  • Healthcare. ...
  • Logistics. ...
  • Military.

What are 5 disadvantages of robots? ›

Disadvantages of robots

Robots need a supply of power, The people can lose jobs in factories, They need maintenance to keep them running, It costs a lot of money to make or buy robots, and the software and the equipment that you need to use with the robot cost much money.

What are the 7 biggest challenges in robotics? ›

  • Biggest industry challenges. The field of robotics is facing numerous issues based on its hardware and software capabilities. ...
  • Intelligence. ...
  • Navigation. ...
  • Autonomy. ...
  • New materials. ...
  • Robotics and AI. ...
  • AI applications for robotics. ...
  • Main market tendency.
21 May 2022

What are 3 disadvantages of robots in industry? ›

Disadvantages of industrial robots
  • High initial investment. Robots typically require a large upfront investment. ...
  • Expertise can be scarce. Industrial robots need sophisticated operation, maintenance and programming. ...
  • Ongoing costs.
7 Sept 2021

What are 4 different types of robots? ›

The six most common types of robots are autonomous mobile robots (AMRs), automated guided vehicles (AGVs), articulated robots, humanoids, cobots, and hybrids.

What is the future of robotics? ›

The Future of Robotics and Robots

Thanks to improved sensor technology and more remarkable advances in Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, robots will keep moving from mere rote machines to collaborators with cognitive functions.

What are your 10 robotics ideas? ›

For all those who love robotics, here are the most popular robotics project ideas.
  • Obstacle Avoiding Robot. ...
  • GreenHouse Managing Robot. ...
  • Automatic Wall Painting Robot. ...
  • Intelligent Combat Robot. ...
  • Autonomous Underwater Robot. ...
  • Robotic Arm. ...
  • Biped Walking Robot. ...
  • Sensor Guided Robotics.
16 Apr 2022

What kind of technology does Singapore have? ›

Singapore has built a world-class, globally competitive tech industry and continues to explore new frontiers in innovation such as cloud computing, artificial intelligence, quantum computing, data analytics and other technologies that span healthcare, security, fintech, energy, aviation, defense.

Does Singapore have robot police? ›

Singapore has trialled patrol robots that blast warnings at people engaging in “undesirable social behaviour”, adding to an arsenal of surveillance technology in the tightly controlled city-state that is fuelling privacy concerns.

Is Singapore technologically advanced? ›

In Singapore, businesses get instant access to one of the most technologically advanced IT infrastructures in the world. In fact, Singapore was ranked first in digital infrastructure in the Economist Intelligence Unit's latest Asian Digital Transformation Index.

Where is AI used in Singapore? ›

Financial services are using facial recognition technology to resolve issues of verification and thus speeding lending processes. Business services, covering a wide range of activities from real estate to accounting and legal, are expected to benefit the most from AI in the country.

Does Singapore have a secret police? ›

The Internal Security Department (ISD) is a domestic intelligence and security agency of Singapore under the purview of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), tasked to confront and address security threats, including international terrorism, foreign subversion and espionage.

Can Singapore police search your house? ›

If you may have committed an offence

Police officers may enter your home to arrest you if you have committed an offence. If the offence is an arrestable one, then the police may enter your house to arrest you without first obtaining a Warrant of Arrest.

Which country is most powerful in technology? ›

Learn more about how countries are assessed in the Best Countries methodology.
  • Russia. ...
  • United Kingdom. ...
  • Singapore. ...
  • Germany. Technological Expertise Rank: 5. ...
  • United States. Technological Expertise Rank: 4. ...
  • China. Technological Expertise Rank: 3. ...
  • South Korea. Technological Expertise Rank: 2. ...
  • Japan. Technological Expertise Rank: 1.
27 Sept 2022

Which country is best at artificial intelligence? ›

Best countries to study artificial intelligence
  • Artificial Intelligence in UK.
  • Artificial Intelligence in Canada.
  • Artificial Intelligence in Germany.
  • Artificial Intelligence in USA.
  • Artificial Intelligence in New Zealand.
  • Artificial Intelligence in Ireland.
  • Artificial Intelligence in Sweden.
  • Artificial Intelligence in France.

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